Recently, an MoU between the government of the Punjab and Hangzo Regional Centre for Asia Pacific (HRCAP) China had been signed about the construction of small hydropower projects that will reduce electricity crisis in the province. HRCAP is a hydropower research institute that will be established at Lahore’s University of Engineering and Technology (UET). The institute will serve to facilitate technical assistance, preparation of design, training staff and other matters necessary to bring about the success of multiple hydropower projects.
The Punjab has the world’s biggest canal system and with so much energy, small hydropower projects can be constructed at 500 different places across the province. It is the best way to utilise the flowing water through such mechanical devices like watermills, sawmills, dock cranes, besides other ways. Also, hydro-electricity is the futuristic means to produce electricity at lower costs and less wastage.
Hydropower projects are also a great way of manufacturing renewable energy resource. Hydro-electricity is a responsible way of dealing with environment and has become the most common means of renewable energy production. Almost 16% of the world’s energy is produced through hydropower projects. China being the largest hydroelectricity producer in the world, it is Pakistan’s advantage of having to develop the projects directly from the leading country.
Hopefully, after the success of these hydropower projects in Punjab, Sindh could also begin implementation of the same renewable energy production. It will greatly tackle with the energy crisis Pakistan faces and other provinces can work on solar energy and wind energy. Renewable energy is definitely the solution of Pakistan’s growing energy demand. It will also help us be free from the dependency on foreign aid for the matter.